Basic Journal Standards part #2

Thomson Reuters also notes whether or not the journal follow international editorial conventions, which optimize retrievability of source articles. These conventions include informative journal titles, fully descriptive article tittles and abstracts, complete bibliographic information for all cited references, and full address information for every author.

English is the universal language of science at this time in history. It is for this reason that Thomson Reuters focuses on journals that publish full text in English or at very least, their bibliographic information in English. There are many journals covered in Web of Science that publish only their bibliographic information in English with full text in another language.

However, going forward, it is clear that the journals most important to the international research community will publish full text in English. This is especially true in the natural sciences. In addition, all journals must have cited references in the Roman Alphabet.

Application of the peer review process is another indication of journal standards and indicates overall quality of the research presented and the completeness of cited references. It is also recommended that, whenever possible, each article publish information on the funding source supporting the research presented.

Basic Journal Standards

Timeliness of Publication is a basic criterion in the evaluation process. It is of primary importance. A journal must be publishing according to its stated frequency to be considered for initial inclusion in the Science database. The ability to publish on time implies a healthy backlog of manuscripts essential for ongoing viability.

It is not acceptable for a journal to appear chronically late, weeks or months after its cover date. To measure timeliness we need to see three consecutive current issues, one after another, as soon as they are published. Timeliness is also essential for electronic journals. If the e-journal is publishing distinct issues at a stated frequency, these issues should appear online in a timely manner.

However, when an e-journal publishes articles one at a time rather than collecting articles for release as an "issue" we take a slightly different approach to measuring timeliness. In these cases the editors look for a steady flow of articles over several months time.

to be continued...

What is Journal Selection Process? part#2

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The Evaluation Process

Journal evaluation and selection is ongoing at Thomson Reuters with journals added to and deleted from the database as frequently as every two weeks. Each year, Thomson Reuter`s editorial staff reviews over 2,000 journal titles, and selects around 10-12% of the journals evaluated for inclusion in the database.

Moreover, existing journal coverage in Thomson Reuters products is constantly under review. Journals now covered are monitored to ensure that they are maintaining high standards and a clear relevance to the products in which they are covered.

The journal selection process described here is applied to all journals in Web of Science, whether covered in Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, or Arts & Humanities Citation Index. Some special consideration is given in the evaluation of social science and arts & humanities journals, particularly with regard to citation analysis.

Many factors are taken into account when evaluating journals for coverage, ranging from the qualitative to the quantitative. The journal`s basic publishing standards, its editorial content, the international diversity of its authorship, and the citation data associated in isolation,but by combining and interrelating the data, the editor is able to determine the journal`s overall strengths and weaknesses.

Thomson Reuters editors performing journal evaluations have educational backgrounds relevant to their areas of responsibility as well as experience and education in information science

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What is Journal Selection Process?


Thomson Reuters is committed to providing comprehensive coverage of the world`s most important and influential journals to meet its subscribers current awareness and retrospective information retrieval needs. Today Web of Science Cover over 9,000 international and regional journals and book series in every area of the natural sciences, social sciences,art and humanities. But comprehensive does not necessarily mean all-inclusive.

Why Be Selective?
It would appear that, in order to be comprehensive, an index to scientific journal literature might be expected to cover all the scientific journals published. This approach would be not only impractical economically, but as analyses of the scientific literature have shown, unnecessary. It has been demostrated that a relatively small number of journals publish the bulk of significant scientific results. This principle is often referred to as Bradford Law.

In the mid- 1930`s S.C Bradford realized that the core literature for any given scientific discipline was composed of fewer than 1,000 journals. Of these 1,000 journals, there are relatively few with a very strong relevance to the given topic, whereas there are many with a weaker relevance to it.

Those with a weak relevance to the given discipline or topic, however, typically have a strong relevance to some other discipline. thus, the core scientific literature can form itself around various topics, with individual journals becoming more or less relevant depending on the topic.

More recently an analysis of 7,528 journals covered in the 2005 JCR revealed that as few as 300 journals account for more than 50% of what is cited and more than 25% of what is published in them. A core of 3,000of these journals accounts for about 75% of published articles and over 90% of cited articles.

to be continued......



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