Maklumat Tentang Kejuruteraan Mekatronik

Kejuruteraan Mekatronik

adalah satu bidang kejuruteraan yang baru yang menggabungkan bidang-bidang Kejuruteraan Elektronik, Elektrik, Mekanikal, Kawalan, Perisian, Komputer dan Teknologi Maklumat. 

Bidang ini telah menjadi popular dan semakin berkembang dengan pesatnya dalam industri-industri terutamanya industri pembuatan semenjak mikropemproses dan mikropengawal dikenalpastikan penggunaannya dalam kawalan industri. 
Mekatronik juga merupakan teknologi dibelakang produk-produk 'pintar' (smart products) yang biasanya melibatkan mikropemproses, sistem kawalan dan bidang mekanikal.
Jurutera dengan pengetahuan, pengalaman dan pengkhususan dalam bidang mekatronik amat diperlukan oleh industri. Jurutera mekatronik menggunakan komputer dan sistem kawalan digit yang lain-lain untuk mengawal proses dalam industri. 
Mereka menggabungkan bidang sains elektrik, kawalan, mekanikal, robotik dan pembuatan untuk mencipta berbagai jenis produk. Produk-produk ini meliputi barangan kegunaan harian seperti mesin basuh, kamera, mesin pendua dan brek antikunci kereta serta mesin-mesin kawalan komputer yang berteknologi tinggi yang digunakan di industri pembuatan dan pemasangan. 
Tidak kira apa pun disiplinnya, seseorang jurutera akan berhadapan dengan sistem mekatronik dalam kerja mereka. Sehubungan dengan itu, bidang ini meliputi gabungan dalam bidang elektronik, mikropengawal, robotik dan pengautomatan, kejuruteraan kawalan dan kejuruteraan pembuatan. Pengetahuan dalam bidang-bidang ini amatlah diperlukan. 
Mereka yang boleh merapatkan jurang di antara kejuruteraan mekanikal, elektrik dan elektronik akan mempunyai kelebihan yang tinggi dalam pasaran kerja. Adalah dijangkakan sektor industri di Malaysia akan terus berkembang dengan pesat disebabkan permintaan yang meningkat dari pasaran-pasaran yang kian bertambah seperti pasaran peralatan elektronik dan telekomunikasi serta hasil pelaburan yang dibuat oleh pelabur-pelabur asing. 
Sehubungan dengan itu, ramai tenaga kerja yang terlatih dalam semua bidang kejuruteraan, merangkumi bidang kejuruteraan kawalan dan instrumentasi diperingkat ikhtisas diperlukan. Para graduan secara amnya boleh mendapat pekerjaan sebagai jurutera di industri-industri berikut :
  • Firma-firma pembuatan dan pemasangan kenderaan;
  • Firma-firma pembuatan peralatan rumah seperti mesin basuh, TV, radio, periuk elektrik, dll;
  • Firma-firma pembuatan barangan elektronik seperti kamera, mesin pendua dll;
  • Kilang-kilang pemproses makanan;
  • Syarikat-syarikat minyak & gas;
  • Firma-firma teknologi tinggi seperti industri angkasa lepas;
  • Firma-firma perunding;
  • Firma-firma kejuruteraan & pembangunan produk;
  • Firma-firma pembuatan sistem automatan;
  • Firma-firma kejuruteraan bioperubatan;
  • Firma-firma pembangunan perisian;
  • Badan-badan penyelidikan & pembangunan seperti institusi pengajian tinggi, SIRIM, dll.
Mengikut jawatan pula, para graduan kursus ini boleh mengisi jawatan seperti berikut :
* Jurutera Mekatronik  *  Jurutera E & M (Elektro-Mekanik)
 * Jurutera Elektrik  *  Jurutera Penyelenggaraan
 * Jurutera Elektronik  *  Jurutera Pemasangan
 * Jurutera Pengeluaran  *  Jurutera Pemasaran
 * Jurutera Rekabentuk  *  Pegawai Perancang 
 * Jurutera Proses   *  Pegawai Penyelidik
 * Ahli Akademik   *  Pegawai Pemasaran
Original post: All About Engineering blog

(tech) Free CAD open source

By Monday, August 13, 2012 , No comments

FreeCAD is a general purpose 3D CAD modeler. The development is completely Open Source (GPL & LGPL License). FreeCAD is aimed directly at mechanical engineering and product design but also fits in a wider range of uses around engineering, such as architecture or other engineering specialties.

FreeCAD features tools similar to Catia, SolidWorks or Solid Edge, and therefore also falls into the category of MCAD, PLM, CAx and CAE. It will be a feature based parametric modeler with a modular software architecture which makes it easy to provide additional functionality without modifying the core system.

As with many modern 3D CAD modelers it has many 2D components in order to sketch 2D shapes or extract design detail from the 3D model to create 2D production drawings, but direct 2D drawing (like AutoCAD LT) is not the focus, neither are animation or organic shapes (like Maya, 3ds Max, Blender or Cinema 4D), although, thanks to its wide adaptability, FreeCAD might become useful in a much broader area than its current focus.

Another major concern of FreeCAD is to make heavy use of all the great open-source libraries that exist out there in the field of Scientific Computing. Among them are OpenCascade, a powerful CAD kernel, Coin3D, an incarnation of OpenInventor, Qt, the world-famous UI framework, and Python, one of the best scripting languages available. FreeCAD itself can also be used as a library by other programs.

FreeCAD is also fully multi-platform, and currently runs flawlessly on Windows and Linux/Unix and Mac OSX systems, with the exact same look and functionality on all platforms.

For more about FreeCAD's capabilities, take a look at the Feature list, the latest release notes or the Getting started articles, or head directly to the User hub!
To get started with FreeCAD, continue to the next article walking through the installation process.


The challenges and opportunities of Social Media

Blogs, which represent the earliest form of Social Media, are special types of websites that usually display date-stamped entries in reverse chronological order (OECD, 2007). They are the Social Media equivalent of personal web pages and can come in a multitude of different variations, from personal diaries describing the author's life to summaries of all relevant information in one specific content area. 

Blogs are usually managed by one person only, but provide the possibility of interaction with others through the addition of comments. Due to their historical roots, text-based blogs are still by far the most common. Nevertheless, blogs have also begun to take different media formats. For example, San Francisco-based allows users to create personalized television channels via which they can broadcast images from their webcam in real time to other users. 

Many companies are already using blogs to update employees, customers, and shareholders on developments they consider to be important. Jonathan Schwartz, CEO of Sun Micro-systems, maintains a personal blog to improve the transparency of his company; so does automotive giant General Motors. Yet, as is the case with collaborative projects, blogs do not come without risks. These generally present in two fashions. 

First, customers who—for one reason or another—turn out to be dissatisfied with or disappointed by the company's offerings may decide to engage in virtual complaints in the form of protest websites or blogs (Ward & Ostrom, 2006), which results in the availability of potentially damaging information in online space. Second, once firms encourage employees to be active on blogs, they may need to live with the consequences of staff members writing negatively about the firm. 

Microsoft's former “technical evangelist” Robert Scoble, for example, had a tendency to fiercely criticize the products of his employer—before he decided to leave the Redmond-based software company in 2006.


Top 25 Hottest Articles : SciVerse ScienceDirect January to March 2012

By Wednesday, August 01, 2012 No comments

More: HERE

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Hallmarks of Cancer: The Next Generation • Review article 
Cell, Volume 144, Issue 5, March 2011, Pages 646-674
Hanahan, D.; Weinberg, Robert A. 
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Performance characteristics of hydrothermal and sonication assisted electroless plating baths for nickel-ceramic composite membrane fabrication • Article 
Desalination, Volume 284, January 2012, Pages 77-85
Bulasara, V.K.; Abhimanyu, M.S.; Pranav, T.; Uppaluri, R.; Purkait, M.K. 
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Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media • Article 
Business Horizons, Volume 53, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 59-68
Kaplan, A.M.; Haenlein, M. 
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Resveratrol Ameliorates Aging-Related Metabolic Phenotypes by Inhibiting cAMP Phosphodiesterases • Article 
Cell, Volume 148, Issue 3, February 2012, Pages 421-433
Park, S.J.; Ahmad, F.; Philp, A.; Baar, K.; Williams, T.; Luo, H.; Ke, H.; Rehmann, H.; Taussig, R.; Brown, Alexandra L.; Kim, Myung K.; Beaven, Michael A.; Burgin, Alex B.; Manganiello, V.; Chung, Jay H. 
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EMT and Dissemination Precede Pancreatic Tumor Formation • Article 
Cell, Volume 148, Issue 1-2, January 2012, Pages 349-361
Rhim, Andrew D.; Mirek, Emily T.; Aiello, Nicole M.; Maitra, A.; Bailey, Jennifer M.; McAllister, F.; Reichert, M.; Beatty, Gregory L.; Rustgi, Anil K.; Vonderheide, Robert H.; Leach, Steven D.; Stanger, Ben Z. 
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